2nd Annual Atmospheric Science Librarians International Conference
Wednesday, JANuary 13, 1999
Moderator: Doria Grimes
ASLI Roundtable Discussion
ASLI members and attendees will describe their libraries and unique collections.
|11:30am||Delivery of Digital Services at Stony Brook
Roger J. Kelly, Head, marine & Atmospheric Sciences Information Center, State University of New York at Stony Brook
Roger gave an overview of SUNY-Stony Brook and its Libraries. 1999 is the University’s 40th anniversary, there are 17,000 students. In 1992 there was 1 CD database in 1998 they have over 130 CD’s and 300-400 electronic journals. He discussed changes in configuration of the Libraries (e.g. merging of branch libraries into the main library and concomitant staff changes). The Libraries use print software in order to charge for web and other database prints (though screen dumps from the OPAC are free), they are currently preparing an RFP for a new OPAC and are exploring other options for delivering networked information (thin clients, Opera browser, et. al.) There was also discussion about MASIC’s collection development policy.
|1:00pm||Session 2: Atmospheric Information and Education Programs
Locating Earth Science Data Sets on the World Wide Web
Scott Ritz, NASA Global Change Master Directory, Greenbelt, MD
Scott provided an overview of the GCMD (http://gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov/) which began over 10 years ago as an archive for data collected from NASA satellite missions. The archive was originally a dial-in BBS (through early 90’s) and converted to a web based system in 1994. It is an archive of meta-data, not the data sets themselves, though it does provide pointers to the data locations (e.g. the NOAA Server, NASA’s DAAC, unclassified DOD data sets, NSF and NCAR among others). The GCMD uses the DIF meta-data format, which provides summary coverage and enough data to be able to determine usefulness of a data set. (This format can easily be converted to FGDC metadata standard). Scott profiled the four primary search tools that are available in the GCMD: FreeText, which uses keywords; Science Keyword (based on transactions logs appears to be the most commonly used interface) that provides a scientific keyword directory access to the data (e.g. Yahoo!); Guided Search that uses menu-driven authority lists to access the data, (they are currently working on developing definitions to the keywords); and Query Search which is being developed in conjunction with the HCIL (Human-Computer Interaction Lab at the University of Maryland) that shows previews of the holdings based on searches performed. Scott also gave us an overview of the supplemental links on the GCMD site. The GCMD FAQ provides information and links for many commonly received questions, such as what and where is El Niño? (What is the GCMD and how can it help me?) The GCMD Documentation & Software link provides guides and tools for writing meta-data as well as the documentation on the GCMD system.
|1:30pm||Franklin Institute Library and Education Programs
Dr. Jon Nese, Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, PA
Jon gave an overview of the history of The Franklin Institute, which will be celebrating it’s 175th Anniversary on February 3. The goal of the Institute is to promote public understanding of and stimulate interest in science. The institute has published the Journal of Franklin Institute since 1826. The TFI library is not open to the public accept by appointment. The library was established in 1824, and grew very quickly. In 1986 it held over 250,000 monographs, 8,300 serials, 60,000 trade catalogs, 3.5 million patents and 18,000 pamphlets. In 1986 the Institute after re-examining it’s mission, decided it would exist as a museum rather than a research institute. At that time the Institute sold off over three-quarters of the library collection (raising over 1.3 million dollars which went into a trust fund for the Institute). Current holdings in the library are 28,000 monographs, 740 serials (235 current), 3,000 pamphlets and 1,000 videos. The library archives and weather center maintain some very unique items such as the first photo of lightning, some comprehensive holdings of Philadelphia weather, historical meteorological texts such as Espy’s 1837 “Hints to observers of meteorology”, an orrery for determining seasons, and Admiral Byrd’s mercury barometer. The Institute is the official weather station for Philadelphia. The Institute offers many exhibits both on and off line. Web exhibits include Weather on the Web, Liquid Air Shows, Ben’s Experiments (they served over 40 million files in 1998 from the TFI site, www.fi.edu). The museum also has a Traveling Science show which was viewed by over 450,000 people last year; a Commonwealth Excellence Science Teacher Association; a summer Discovery Camp; and a camp-in program in which students get the opportunity to spend the night in the museum. Future exhibits that they are working on include weather balloon launches, digitizing Philadelphia weather observations for 1872-1998 and publishing a book about Philadelphia weather (available in early 2000)
|2:00pm||AMS K-12 Education Programs
Dr. Ira Geer, American Meteorological Society, Washington, DC
Ira gave an overview of the programs offered by the AMS for teachers of K-12, and for students in those grades (www.ametsoc.org/amsedu/). The intent of the AMS with these programs is to train teachers as professional colleagues, so that teachers can go out and train their peers. Programs are focused at the state level. The teacher trainers identified at the state level are trained at AMS then go back to their home state and provide peer training sessions. Project ATMOSPHERE (1991-) was the first “train the trainers” program. Training was initially done at NWS offices. The trainers become resource people for the state. MAURY Project is similar to ATMOSPHERE but focuses on oceanography. DATA STREME Project (1995-) (www.ametsoc.org/dstreme/index.html) is a distance learning graduate course in atmospheric sciences for teachers. Training is provided by LIT (Local Implementation Teams) which provide 3-8 training sessions per semester. The project provides real-time weather exercises with answer keys and includes a list of recommended/refereed of web sites for teachers (www.ametsoc.org/dstreme/junction/). There are plans for an online introductory course to be marketed to community colleges in the Fall of 1999
|2:30pm||Women in Meteorology
Dr. Dian Gaffen, NOAA, NWS, Silver Spring, MD
Discussed a WMO survey of the participation of men and women in meteorology and related fields conducted in 1996. The survey was distributed to representatives of all WMO member nations, and had a 51 percent response rate. Report on the survey has been published under the title, “Report of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Questionnaire Survey on the Participation of Women and Men in the Activities of WMO in the Fields of Meteorology, Operational Hydrology and Related Geophysical Sciences.” Results were also presented at the International Expert Meeting on Participation of Women in Meteorology and Hydrology in Bangkok, Thailand December 16-19, 1997. Information about the report and presentations can be found at WMO ; NSSL , and NOAA History.
|3:00pm||A Citation Analysis of El Niño Literature Phenomena
Vince Mariner, Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies Library, Tallahassee, FL
Evaluated trends in literature published about the El Niño phenomena based on a caparison of title and subject fields in Web of Science and Inspec. Journal of Climate had the highest number of ENSO publications (impact factor of 7 13.3 percent of all pubs in JOC were related to ENSO); there was a plottable correlation between ENSO events and increased publication about the phenomena; almost half of all published ENSO articles appear in AMS publications; eighty percent of the ENSO articles are published by multiple authors and 15 percent include international collaborations. There have been over 40 ENSO cartoons indexed in the literature.
|4:00pm||Invited Speaker – Video Conference
Sponsored by AMS, NASA, and the University of S. Florida.
Moderator: Linda Pikula
Distance Education Technology and Its Application in Library Consortia
This video conference session provided and introduction to video conferencing technology. Primary elements include video device (one-way and two-way) to broadcast courseware; computer; audio; and video conference connection. At USF this technology is being used in distance education courses for a clientele which is primarily returning adult students. Access to the service is controlled (once students enroll) by id number and proxy. Several techniques are available including web-based, satellite video and audio broadcast and interactive videoconferencing–which we got to try. Drs. Churton and Rejniak walked us through explanations of all the technological components used in interactive video conferencing including video screens, the control panel, audio equipment, the types of delivery (e.g. ISDN lines or microwave broadcast). They also discussed some of the reasons why images look broken up, and/or blurry such as the number of frames broadcast per second, and the size and type of cable connections. A detailed look at Picturetel Concord 4500 component parts include: CODEC (the digital/analog coder and decoder); keypad/control panel; limelight voice-focused camera; document camera; microphone; monitor; LAMB button; laptop and backup pieces. They stressed that is important to ascertain the needs of the users (in their
Thursday, JANuary 14, 1999
|8:30am||Vendors & Publishers: New & Updated Products
Moderator: Maria Latyszewskyj
American Meteorological Society
Dr. Keith Seitter, Deputy Executive Director, American Meteorological Society; AMS Electronic Journals & other projects (Author Provided Text)
The AMS Journals roster: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Journal of the Atmospheric Science; Journal of Applied Meteorology; Monthly Weather Review; Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology; Weather and Forecasting; Journal of Climate; Earth Interactions
Journal Pricing Print
Journal Pricing ONLINE
Institutional Subscriptions for the Journals Online
Institutional Subscription Example (1999 prices):
Earth Interactions – http://EarthInteractions.org
Mike Steinberg; API Photo archive, etc.
Henry demonstrated Accu-School K-12 Explorations in Meteorology and the AP Photo archive, located at www.accuweather.com This product is available on a subscription basis, and contains weather photos and other items of general interest.
Update on Various NCDC Products and Services
NODC in Asheville, NC just published a new Products and Services Guide January 1999, available from the National Climatic Data Center www.ncdc.noaa.gov Tom also distributed copies of a map produced by the National Geographic Society entitled Natural Hazards of North America. The map first appeared in the May 1998 issue of National Geographic and was a collaborative effort of over 50 scientists from the U.S., Canada and Mexico. NCDC helped in this project. Copies of “Severe Weather Climatology and Event Information Available Using the National Climatic Data Center’s World Wide Web Site” by Thomas F. Ross and J. Neal Lott were available.
|10:00am||Academic Press Ltd.
Colin McNeil, Various products
Colin discussed the Major Reference Works Group of Academic Press and the two current major reference works in the Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences currently underway. The Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, eds. John Steele, Steve Thorpe, and Karl Turekian. 5-6 volumes Publication Date August 2001 Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, eds. Jim Holton, Judy Curry, and John Pyle. 5-6 volumes Publication Date August 2001 Colin distributed copies of the Aims and Scope of the publications, and discussed the Editorial advisory board for these publications.
|10:30am||Publishing Opportunities for Atmospheric Science Librarians
Judy Matthews, (Libraries Unlimited ), Michigan State University, E. Lansing, MI
Judy Mathews presented the “Why’s” writers feel motivated to publish: to share knowledge, to have something to say, to achieve fame, glory and money, or to make new contacts. She suggested that a good way to begin publishing, would be to volunteer to review books for a publication. This not only provides writing experience, but can lead to other things. Judy distributed an Archive List of the Libraries Unlimited Series, Reference Sources in Science and Technology, and discussed publishing opportunities with them.
|11:00am||Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts: Power Tips
Moderator: Madeleine Needles
Bill Clark or Larry Buckland from Inforonics will offer tips on how to search Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts.
Larry discussed the time lag to indexing vs. publication, and journals covered in the MEGA database. Larry requested comments on MEGA from the audience. It was suggested that the database should provide usage statistics to the online version of MEGA. He suggested we contact Carol Regan for statistics. Requests were made for an on an online thesaurus.
|1:00pm||ASLI Contributed Papers
The WMO Technical Library and its Homepage: Current Status and Future Developments
The WMO Technical Library is one of the major sources of meteorological and hydrological information worldwide. With its specialized collection in print as well as online, the Library serves a vast community of researchers, in addition to the WMO staff members, by providing references and making in-depth searches in fields related to meteorology. A good service of interlibrary loans and photocopying supports users in their research. Last year over 2,000 documents were received by the Library, more than 1,000 enquiries were satisfactorily answered, and over 1,000 publications were loaned to readers. In 1977, the WMO Technical Library launched its own HomePage to provide a central access to its collection to the public at large, directly from their desktops. This HomePage, besides being a gateway, through numerous external links, to the documentation of the other organizations which are active in the field of meteorology and related topics, offers complete bibliographical access to all WMO publications, as well as to the Library’s general collection. Options are provided to access WMO technical documents, as well as the online periodicals and newspapers to which the Library subscribes, and all the CD-Roms available in the Library, and, in the near future, through LAN or WAN. A list of new acquisitions, arranged in broad categories, is also posted monthly on the server. Users can request copies of the technical documents, which are distributed free of charge, or photocopies of WMO publications for sale and other titles available in the Library through a quick-answer system of e-mail. Publications and articles are usually delivered by mail, but in special urgent cases, can be sent by fax. An online catalogue has recently been added to the HomePage options. This catalogue, which is still being set up, is fully searchable by keywords, authors’ and corporate bodies; names, year of publication, and any other element appearing in the publication. Supported by PERL programming language, the query can easily be formulated as a part of the title or as keywords matched by the use of boolean operators. A temporary file, created by the search engine, allows users to browse the records in alphabetical order and select by clicking on them. Whenever available, links to the full-text online version have been provided. The WMO Technical Library Homepage was designed as the beginning of a virtual library (maybe in 3D), where WMO documentation can have full-text online access. The creation of CD-Roms, for use in countries which still have a slow Internet connection, is also foreseen as part of this project.
|1:30pm||What is the ‘Journal Archive’ as we Move into an Electronic World
Dr. Keith Seitter, American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA
What is the ‘true’ journal?
What are other societies doing?
Where is the AMS on this issue?
|2:00pm||Sharing Resources through Collaboration using Technology
Evelyn Poole-Kober, EPA Atmospheric Sciences Modeling Division Library, Research Triangle Park, NC
In response to changing social and economic conditions, instant communications, emerging technology, and decreasing resources for libraries, there is a need for librarians to use collaborative methods, strategies, and technologies to solve common problems or produce common products. For effective collaborations, librarians must identify goals and expected outcomes and express an interest in collaborating with those who share them. With the emergence of new collaborative tools, together with older technology, librarians have an opportunity to put together teams to foster productive relationships and reach goals and expected outcomes in a most satisfactory manner. The paper will focus on some of the available collaborative technologies, and advantages of collaboration.
|2:30pm||Information Resources for Forensic Meteorology
Lisa Wishard, The Pennsylvania State University, Earth and Mineral Sciences Library, University Park, PA
|3:30pm||Case Studies in the Use and Access of Atmospheric Information
Moderator: Judie Triplehorn
The Coastal Data and Information Center at the University of Rhode Island, Graduate School of Oceanography Library
Producers of coastal data and information are looking for new ways to distribute their products to potential users. Scientist analyze and summarize raw data and then provide access to the information through published reports, which librarians traditionally gather, organize and facilitate in the use of these reports by consumers. However, the Internet and World Wide Web now allow users sitting in a government planner’s office a classroom, or at home, anywhere in the world, to seek and manipulate resources.
The University of Rhode Island is creating a ‘digital center’ to facilitate electronic access to the data and information that is ever more critical for marine and coastal research and management. The project’s key components are described below.
l. The Distributed Oceanographic Data System (DODS), is a client-server system that allows scientific researchers who work with large datasets, such as satellite data or oceanographic observations, to access and query remote data files across the Internet. DODS brings data back to the user to manipulate locally in any of a number of analysis packages. This is a joint project between researchers at URI Graduate School of Oceanography and MIT Department of Earth, Atmosphere and Planetary Science. (http://www.unidata.ucar.edu/packages/dods).
2. The National Sea Grant Depository (NSGD), created in 1970, is an archive and lending library that houses the only complete collection of Sea-Grant funded work. The collection of more than 72,000 documents covers a wide variety of marine subjects, including: oceanography, marine education, coastal hazards, coastal zone management, marine recreation and ocean engineering. Statistics were presented about the characteristics of the NSGD collection; use of the collection; and to demonstrate the uniqueness of the NSGD database in that Sea Grant documents are not well represented 9nor easily identifiable as Sea Grant-funded) in OCLC or scientific databases.
In an effort to provide more scientific “content” accessible via the Internet, a large number of the non-commercial and non-reprint materials in the collection are being digitized. The policies and procedures for the project were described and summarized: copyright permissions have been obtained; documents are being scanned at a low resolution (150-200 dpi) without OCR and saved as Adobe Acrobat PDF images (because of copyright issues); and images are linked into an existing Z39.50-compatible NSGD database. (http://nsgd.gso.uri.edu)
|4:00pm||Interactive Satellite Meteorology Laboratory Module on the Web
Gregory Byrd, University Consortium for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO
This presentation focuses on three atmospheric science websites that are available through the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) in Boulder, Co. The first is an interactive training module on remote sensing using satellites (http://www.comet.ucar.edu/nsflab). This site was developed by the Cooperative Program for Operational Meteorology, Education and Training (COMET) in collaboration with the Program for Advancement of Geoscience Education (PAGE) and the Desert Research Institute of the University of Nevada-Reno. The module is designed for introductory undergraduate-level classes in atmospheric and related sciences, and is aimed for non-science majors. It uses a rich body of graphics and imagery animations in which satellite meteorology is used to explore atmospheric phenomena, with hurricane systems providing the focus for investigation. There are brief content synopses of remote sensing, satellite image interpretation, and hurricane features, and an interactive exploratory environment, the “Hurricane Marix”, which provides learners with the opportunity to investigate several different hurricanes over time. The second website is the meteorology education and training (METED) site (https://www.meted.ucar.edu). This site, administered by COMET, has numerous education and training resources from the three National Weather Service Training Centers. There are interactive Web-based modules on a variety of topics, including hydrometeorology, convection, aviation weather, numerical weather prediction, and integrated sensing systems. In addition, this site provides access to on-line residence course materials, case study data, and access to other meteorology and hydrology educational links. The third website is the PAGE site http://www.page.ucar.edu). This site is relatively new, but will soon become an important education and training resource for the university geoscience community.
|4:30pm||Forecast Modeling of Tropical Storms
Dr. Richard Pasch, NOAA, NWS, National Hurricane Center, Miami, FL
Dr. Pasch provided an overview of the responsibilities of the National Hurricane Center/Tropical Prediction Center. Its products include the Tropical Weather Outlook and the Tropical Package of Weather Information. He also gave a slide presentation of the features of hurricanes.
|6:00pm||Annual ASLI Dinner
Baby Doe’s Restaurant
Friday, JANuary 15, 1999
|8:30am-11:00am||ASLI Business Meeting
Moderator: Lisa Wishard
|11:30am-6:30pm||Annual ASLI Field Trip
Dutch Treat Lunch and Dinner on the road National Scientific Balloon Facility, Palestine, Texas Weather Balloon manufacturer